Dandruff – Why you have them and how you can deal with it

Do you suffer from dandruff problems? It can be incredibly embarrassing when people realize you have dandruff, even through no fault of yours, because having dandruff is linked to bad personal hygiene, which is untrue by the way. Studies have shown that dandruff has little to no link to personal hygiene.

Just a disclaimer before we carry on: this article is meant to shed some light on dandruff and some things we can do ourselves to attempt to control the condition. However, if condition persists or irritation is too huge to ignore, please look for a doctor and get some real medical advice, immediately.

So what is dandruff? According to Medical News Today, the skin cells in our scalp are forever renewing themselves, and as new skin cells are renewed, the old ones are pushed to the surface and out of the scalp. For people with dandruff, this means that the new cells are producing at a faster rate than when they die, resulting in more skin being shed and thus, more noticeable dandruff conditions.

While the exact cause of dandruff isn’t exactly known, here are some factors that might have contributed to it.

Not enough hair brushing
People who does not comb or brush their hair enough might have dandruff because they’re not aiding in the shedding of skin that combing or brushing provides

Sensitive to yeast
People who are sensitive to yeast have a slightly higher chance of having dandruff

Irritated, oily skin
People with irritated oily skin or seborrheic dermatitis have red, greasy skin covered by flaky white or yellow scales

Bad reactions
Some people might be using hair products or shampoos that are unsuitable for their scalp

Malassezia
Malassezia is a fungus that grows on everybody’s scalp; they feed on the oils that our scalp secretes and are usually not a problem at all. But if it grows out of control, the scalp can get irritated and produce extra skin cells which dies and fall off, mixing with the oil from the hair and scalp to turn into what we see as dandruff

Diet
Experts have said that if you don’t consume enough foods that contain zinc, B vitamins and some types of fats, you will be more prone to dandruff

So, what can you do if you have dandruff? Other than combing hair, eating a complete diet, making sure that the hair products you are using suits you, you can also use shampoos with the following ingredients:

Zinc pyrithone – slows down production of yeast
Selenium sulphide – reduces production of natural oil produced by scalp glands
Coal tar – a natural fungal agent, will stain the hair if used for long
Ketoconazole – a very effective anti-fungal that is suitable for the young and elderly
Salicyclic acids – helps your scalp get rid of skin cell, but not slowdown reproduction of skin cells
Tea tree oil – used as centuries as an anti-fungal, antiseptic and antibiotic, some people are allergic to it

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Select a shampoo with one of the above ingredients and shampoo your hair every day until dandruff condition is under control; when it’s under control, use the shampoo less frequently as a particular shampoo might stop being as effective after usage for a while. When you realize its effectiveness has reduced, change to a shampoo with another ingredient from the list.

Remember to let the shampoos stay on your scalp for at least 5 minutes in order for the ingredient to work its magic. If you wash it away too soon, you might just be throwing money down the drain, literally.