8 Facts About Long Island, a Potential Reclaimed Land at East Coast


What comes to mind when you hear Long Island?

No, we’re not talking about that famous cocktail you’d get on a bar menu or the upstate New York—we’re talking about the land reclamation project taking place in Singapore, right at the East Coast Park.

In the upcoming decades, there are plans to reclaim three large sections of land off East Coast Park. This will result in approximately 800 hectares of new land, about double the size of Singapore’s iconic Marina Bay.

This massive land reclamation aims to create new residential areas, amenities and a new reservoir. 

These plans were announced by National Development Minister Desmond Lee on Tuesday (28 November 2023), shedding light on various aspects of this multi-decade project.

Here are eight key facts about the remarkable transformation of Long Island.

Up to 60,000 Homes to be Built on Long Island

According to CNA, property analysts indicated that the upcoming “Long Island” reclamation project along the East Coast Park could introduce up to 60,000 new homes.

These homes are a mix of both private and public properties.

Image: URA

However, given the absence of concrete plans, the impact on existing properties along the East Coast, including their prices and views, remains uncertain, according to these analysts.

However, the report stated there is a strong likelihood of more land being designated for public housing rather than private housing.

In addition to the potential for constructing a substantial number of homes, ranging from 30,000 to 60,000, these residential areas will be accompanied by a well-balanced blend of commercial, recreational, and green spaces.


20km of New Coastal and Reservoir Parks, Extending from the Current East Coast Park

Upon its completion, Long Island is projected to span an impressive 800 hectares, roughly equivalent to the expanse of 1,142 football fields. 

Mr Lee anticipates that this development has the potential to offer extensive opportunities for waterfront living and job opportunities.

Image: URA

This expansive site is projected to be about twice the size of Marina Bay. It could introduce an additional 20km of coastal and reservoir parks.

This extension would effectively triple the length of the existing waterfront area along East Coast Park.

Long Island Will Have a Reservoir

Additionally, the project will bring about the establishment of a new freshwater reservoir.

It will be open to the public for activities such as canoeing and dragon boating.

Image: URA

The national water agency, PUB, has confirmed that this reclamation endeavour is expected to result in Singapore’s 18th reservoir.

New Developments May Impact Sea Views 

While there are plans to construct new homes, analysts told CNA that new developments on Long Island may obstruct the sea views from low-level homes.

Meanwhile, other analysts stressed that estimating the exact number of homes that might be constructed remains premature. 

They agreed that the fate of existing residences along the East Coast with unobstructed sea views hinges on the nature and positioning of housing projects on Long Island.


While some homes with sea views may eventually transition to reservoir views, those residing in certain properties might still relish captivating skyline vistas, especially during the evening, if tall structures are erected on Long Island. 

Large Tidal Gates and Pumping Station to Control Water Level in Reservoir

Among the notable features are plans for the installation of two tidal gates and pumping stations designed to serve a dual purpose: to safeguard against the rising sea level and efficiently manage rainwater during heavy downpours, especially when they coincide with high tide. 

These measures have been deemed essential, as the rising sea levels represent an imminent and significant threat to Singapore’s low-lying terrain, as emphasised by Mr Lee.

Image: URA

Like the gate at Marina Barrage, the two gates at the upcoming reservoir on the East Coast will function by opening to release excess stormwater into the sea during periods of heavy rainfall when the tide is low. 

Conversely, during high tide, the pumps will be employed to facilitate the discharge of the accumulated stormwater.

These installations will play a pivotal role in regulating the water levels within a new reservoir that will be situated adjacent to East Coast Park and the newly formed landmasses. This, in turn, will contribute to mitigating flood risks in the East Coast region.


Properties Along the East Coast Will Benefit from Coastal Protection Measures at Long Island

Long Island’s reclamation at an elevated level, designed to safeguard against rising sea levels, promises to shield current East Coast properties from potential flooding risks while preserving their coveted coastal views.

Moreover, developing a new coastal path featuring high-rise housing and offices along the sea promises to enhance the number of homes with stunning sea or reservoir views. 

Additionally, this development will expand the available land space in the area, opening doors for future growth and housing development opportunities.

Long Island’s Project: Five Years of Technical Studies Starting in 2024

The government announced on 28 November that they would begin technical studies for the long-term project. 

These studies will begin in 2024 and will examine how to combine coastal protection measures with the reclamation plans.


Long-Term Transformation Plan

The “Long Island” project is anticipated to span decades before completion. 

The groundwork for Long Island’s development must commence promptly to ensure it materialises to shield the region from escalating sea levels, emphasised Mr Lee.

This process entails comprehensive environmental and engineering assessments to evaluate the feasibility of the initial reclamation concept. 

These studies will span approximately five years and run concurrently with a public consultation process.

In alignment with URA’s ongoing Draft Master Plan 2025, various agencies will actively involve Singaporeans and stakeholders, including nature and recreational enthusiasts, businesses, and the local community, in discussions and feedback sessions regarding the plans for the project. 

These collaborative efforts will build upon the interactions and dialogues initiated by URA during the Long-Term Plan Review from 2021 to 2022 and by PUB through the ongoing Our Coastal Conversations (OCC) with diverse stakeholders since 2022.